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10.000 B.C. : (Paleolithic period) - the first settlers of Lithuania arrived in, when the climate warmed up and glaciers started receding from the territory of Lithuania to Scandinavia. This period marks the beginning of Lithuania’s history which counts twelve thousand years now.
1236s: Lithuania is unified and led by King Mindaugas.
1389s: Lithuania converts to Christianity.
1500s: After Lithuania forms the Commonwealth with Poland, Lithuanian nobility is largely Polonized; Lithuanian culture is found mainly in the countryside.
1547s: Protestant priest Martynas Mazvydas published first book in Lithuanian, a book of Catechisms. Ironically it was published in Prussia and smuggled back into Lithuania.
1818s: "Metai" (The Seasons) published. The poem by Kristijonas Donelaitis, written decades earlier, is considered the first major work in Lithuanian literature.
1880s: Despite continued repression, Lithuanians begin asserting their national identity more forcefully. The first Lithuanian newspaper appears. The lyric Voices of Spring is published. Written by Maironis, a priest, it expresses national aspirations in heavily romantic language.
1900s: Mikalojus K. Ciurlionis, Lithuania's greatest painter and composer, begins to reach his creative peak. He dies 10 years later, aged 35.
1920-40s: Independence brings greater cultural freedom, and artists revive images of the nation as a great monarchy. Echoes of Lithuania's pagan past also enter popular culture.
1940s: During German occupation the Jewish community is wiped out; in Vilnius, which had become known as the Jerusalem of the North, great Jewish libraries and synagogues are destroyed, ending a centuries-old cultural link.
1988s: national revival movement (called "singing revolution") across the Baltic states.
1990s: The Supreme Council proclaimed the re-establishment of Lithuania's independence.
2004s: Lithuania becomes a member of EU and NATO.